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Data Security in Healthcare: Measures Adopted by Healthcare Providers

Data Security in Healthcare: Measures Adopted by Healthcare Providers
Written by Tech Brain

Data Security in Healthcare: Technological advancements have propelled the popularity of digital healthcare, forcing patient-centric ecosystems to increase their vigilance when it comes to security and data protection. Due to the sensitivity of medical systems and records, data security is crucial for healthcare providers.

When security breaches occur, healthcare providers put not only the health but also the lives of their patients at risk, while compromising the trust placed in them by patients and other stakeholders.

1. HIPAA: Ensuring Privacy and Security

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has established strict rules, such as the Privacy Rule and Security Rule, that healthcare providers must follow. This includes administrative, physical, and technical measures to counter cyberattacks.

Technical safeguards require audits of healthcare activities, implementation of authentication protocols, controlled access, and data encryption. Failure to comply with HIPAA results in substantial fines, reinforced by the NIST framework and the HIPAA Safe Harbor bill.

2. GDPR: A global reach for data protection

The European Union’s GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) impacts the data of all EU subjects, with global implications. Healthcare providers must ensure protection by default and design, respect data collection limits, and recognize the right to be forgotten. Substantial fines are provided for in the event of non-compliance.

3. EO 14028: Strengthening Cybersecurity in the United States

Also known as Executive Order (EO) 14028, this regulation, issued in May 2021, aims to improve cybersecurity in the United States. Healthcare providers should align with NIST initiatives to strengthen data security, working with various entities to identify vulnerabilities and develop security standards.

4. State Legislation: Varying Requirements

Depending on the State of Operation, healthcare providers must comply with various data protection measures. For example, in California, compliance with the California Privacy Rights Act of 2003 is crucial. Other states, including Colorado and Virginia, have also introduced similar regulations.

5. Data Encryption: An Essential Practice

Data encryption represents an essential component of data protection for healthcare providers. It is imperative to encrypt data, whether in transit or at rest, to restrict access by cybercriminals and ensure that patient information remains unusable in the event of unauthorized access.

Data protection remains crucial, not only for healthcare providers but for all organizations. If you run a healthcare establishment, be sure to follow these measures to avoid possible significant fines.

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